12 hour working days are considered quite normal, as are six-day working weeks (although sometimes Saturday can be a half day). This puja invites Goddess Lakshmi (the goddess of wealth and prosperity) to enter the house. 1. The last meal of the day is eaten late in India, and particularly so in hectic Mumbai where dinner times of 10 p.m. onwards are common. a seaport in and the capital of Maharashtra, in W India, on the Arabian Sea. Alternatively, there are companies that supply home cooking in tiffins to the dabbawalas. Weird things about the name Mumbai: The name spelled backwards is Iabmum. Pop. Since then Greater Mumbai has continued to expand. In addition, the city’s commercial and financial institutions are strong and vigorous, and Mumbai serves as the country’s financial hub. In the evenings as the sun sets, Hindus also commonly do another form of puja -- Lakshmi Puja. It is the country’s financial and commercial centre and its principal port on the Arabian Sea. The offices of Mumbai's main business districts are located in and around Nariman Point and Cuffe Parade, in south Mumbai, and also Bandra (particularly the Bandra Kurla Complex), and Andheri. As the sun sets, people pour out onto the streets and throng the snack stands. It's a really pretty sight. In Mumbai, people head to the malls to check out the latest fashion, eat, relax, be entertained, and have fun -- as well as shop. This hot new bar surpassed the fashionable Aer, on the 34 floor of the Four Seasons Hotel. Thanks Abhijeet for the question! The climate of Mumbai is warm and humid. This area is awash with the eye-catching colors of flowers, which surround the rows of flower sellers on the pavement. Chief Editor. New Bollywood movies are shown every week in Mumbai, so a popular thing to do at night is to head to the cinema. The entrance into Mumbai Harbour from the sea discloses a magnificent panorama framed by the Western Ghats mountain range on the mainland. Although supermarkets are providing their share of competition, take a walk around most residential neighborhoods in Mumbai and you'll find a range of small traditional stores selling vegetables, groceries, and fresh live meat. Shopping in India has never been easier or more convenient, and for the people who can afford it, shopping malls are the place to hang out. The property market in Mumbai has just gone through a massive boom, and towering apartment complexes are popping up all through the suburbs. Create a Trip to save and organize all of your travel ideas, and see them on a map. A quintessential Mumbai experience that's not to be missed! The concept of a weekend is quite foreign in Mumbai and India, with Sunday often being the only day off. This very popular daily puja worships Lord Surya, the Sun God (also known as the god of the enlightened mind). The Streets of Mumbai Walking through the streets is the best way to see Mumbai. The extreme northern segment of Mumbai is occupied by a large salt marsh. (2001) 11,978,450; urban agglom., 16,434,386; (2011) 12,478,447; urban agglom., 18,414,288. The name Mumbai was restored officially in 1995, although Bombay remained in common usage. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? And this is what it looks like. The natural beauty of Mumbai is unsurpassed by that of most other cities in the region. Mumbai is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them. Since the 17th century the islets have been joined through drainage and reclamation projects, as well as through the construction of causeways and breakwaters, to form Bombay Island. One of the best places to spend the evening is Marine Drive Chowpatty (beach), located at the northern end of the famous stretch that's affectionately referred to as the Queen's Necklace for its sparkling semi circle of lights. The last problem is exacerbated by the physical limits of the city’s island location. Multi ingredient medications may also be listed when applicable. Cool weather prevails from December to February and hot weather from March to May. Mumbai has a packed batting line-up with no real weakness from numbers 1 to 7. The first of Mumbai's Art Deco cinemas, it opened in 1933. Want to try riding the Mumbai local? Dabbawala, meaning a person who carries a container, is the term given to the thousands of men responsible for transporting and delivering around 200,000 containers of freshly cooked food to the city's office workers every day for lunch. Although many people don't arrive in the office until around 10 a.m., they also don't leave until well into the night. In a city of over 20 million people, space is understandably at a premium in Mumbai. It became known as Bombay during the British colonial period, the name possibly an Anglicized corruption of Mumbai or perhaps of Bom Baim (“Good Harbour”), supposedly a Portuguese name for the locale. Read More: 15 Religious Places to Visit in Mumbai. Colaba Point, the headland formed on the extreme south by the longer of those ridges, protects Mumbai Harbour from the open sea. Incredibly, most of these delivery men are illiterate. Out of 6,028,151 records in the U.S. Social Security Administration public data, the first name Mumbai was not present. In 1950 Mumbai expanded northward, embracing the large island of Salsette, which was joined to Bombay Island by a causeway. Area about 239 square miles (619 square km). The report should use a range of ideas, theories and models from […] Many Hindus get up at sunrise and do the Surya Puja. It's not uncommon for family members to sleep in the lounge room or even the kitchen. On a slightly raised strip of land between the head of Back Bay and the harbour is an area called the Fort, the site of the 17th-century British fortifications (little of which remains standing) within and around which the city grew; the area is now occupied chiefly by public and commercial offices. The burgeoning middle class live in mass-produced apartments of various shapes and sizes, ranging from around 450 square feet to 1,400 square feet. In addition, the majority of residents don't own a car. Read More: 9 Iconic Mumbai Hangout Places. Fridays are particularly busy because that's when the movies are released. Residents organize social occasions throughout the year and celebrate festivals together. Take a guided tour of Dharavi – made famous by "Slumdog Millionaire" – for an eye-opening glimpse into what Mumbai life is like for nearly a million people. How unique is the name Mumbai? Yes, choosing your chicken for tonight's dinner while it's still flapping its wings in a cage remains the preference in India. Below them, you'll find that life goes on as usual, with small shops and markets doing their day to day trade. However, establishments at luxury hotels are allowed to stay open later, until around 3 a.m. Mumbai is remarkable for having India's highest rooftop bar -- Asilo on the 38th floor of the Saint Regis Hotel. There has to be a balance between analysis and evaluation of the organisation and its strategy. After lunch, the dabbawalas return the exact tiffins back to their individual owners. The city of Mumbai occupies a peninsular site on Bombay Island, a landmass originally composed of seven islets lying off the Konkan coast of western India. Not to be overlooked is the Regal Cinema in Colaba. Entrance to cave temples on Elephanta Island in Mumbai Harbour, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Made freshly in front of you at the food stalls on Juhu Beach, it's very tasty. XXXXXXXXXXXXX (Visa no)" The email reads:-----Dear ( name) They can get very crowded and lively, and to avoid confusion you'll want to know at least a bit of Hindi. Population of Mumbai - Mumbai or Bombay, is the business capital of India known for its business and trade activities. It's common to see progressive young females partying through the night, glammed up in skimpy western outfits. Mumbai's local markets are definitely not the places to have a leisurely browse. The sad reality is that there are so many people striving to get ahead and make ends meet, and so much competition for jobs, that if someone doesn't want to work such long hours, another person readily will. It’s unfortunate that Mumbai is going down in every way. Today, it's renowned for its wonderful Art Deco style. Birdlife includes vultures, pigeons, peacocks, cranes, and ducks. ILoveIndia.com - Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, IndiaNetzone - Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Maps of World - Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, Mumbai - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Mumbai - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). There's little privacy but the benefits are a strong sense of camaraderie and support. These places are Indian destinations, which look exactly like places you spot in international travel magazines. There is so much to look at here…people, cows, goats, shops, market stands set up on the sidewalks. Posted by: Clean India Journal - Editor July 1, 2009 in Professional, Technology / Features. What will an ideal evening in Mumbai look like? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Plush modern cinemas can now be found all over the city but old favorites still remain, such as the Metro cinema near Churchgate railway station. This guide on how to ride the Mumbai local will help get you on your way. At least it's undeniably fresh! Annual rainfall is about 70 inches (1,800 mm), with an average of 24 inches (600 mm) occurring in July alone. Another local favorite is pav bhaji (a vegetable curry with bread). Dhobi Ghat, an outdoor laundromat in Mumbai (Bombay), India. Mumbai is a city of more than twenty million people who live in, under, and on top of buildings, slum dwellings, tarpaulin tents, temples, bridges and in one case, a burial ground. As per the new guidelines, hotels in Mumbai have resumed operations from Wednesday at 33% capacity. Salsette Island was once the haunt of wild animals such as tigers, leopards, jackals, and deer, but those are no longer found there. You'd think that living in such an environment would be very restrictive but it's surprisingly the opposite (once you get used to the lack of space!). So, we’ve got a glimpse at what a $2-billion home looks like, thanks to the Instagram pictures by Mukesh Ambani’s guests. Mumbai does not have experienced spinners in its ranks, but Rahul Chahar and Krunal Pandya have proved they are more than handy in helpful conditions. It's a fun place for children, with no shortage of amusement rides to entertain them, but also attracts plenty of love-struck couples in the mood for a romantic stroll. Vada pav (spicy fried mashed potato in a bread roll) is one of the most popular snacks in Mumbai. If you travel during non-rush hours, it's not as bad as you'd expect. 4 / 36 (Image: Special Arrangement) X. Their wives make their lunches and pack them in tiffins (metal containers), which they give to the dabbawalas for delivery. Human habitation of Mumbai existed since the Stone Age, the Kolis and Aagri (a Marathi fishing community) were the earliest known settlers of the islands.The Maurya Empire gained control of the islands during the 3rd century BCE and transformed it into a centre of Buddhist culture and religion. Regardless, ‘Mumbai’ is said to already have been in use in the 16th century by the local Koli fisher-folk community. There are also first class carriages but they aren't any more luxurious than the other carriages. Mumbai, long the centre of India’s cotton textile industry, subsequently developed a highly diversified manufacturing sector that included an increasingly important information technology (IT) component. 08 /10 Mumbai's only Chinese - Taoist temple Poonam Shah, Preeti Chedda and Sudha Shah(L to R) are regular visitors to the temple. The typical bun … A distinguishing feature of transport in Mumbai is that unlike most other cities in India, taxi and autorickshaw drivers generally do go by the meter. You probably know New York is known as the Big Apple, but do you know the rest of these city nicknames? Entrance to Mumbai Harbour, marked by the Gateway of India (foreground), Mumbai, India. Mumbai is the most cosmopolitan city in India and also one of the safest for women. This is an indication of just how famous the humble Mumbai dabbawala has become! Mean monthly temperatures vary from 91 °F (33 °C) in May to 67 °F (19 °C) in January. An important part of the ritual is the offering of flowers to the god. The Mumbai local train network has three lines -- Western, Central, and Harbour -- which deposit commuters into the city. Typical trees in the city include coconut palms, mango trees, tamarinds, and banyan trees. Sharell Cook lives in Mumbai full-time and has been writing about India travel for TripSavvy since 2008. It's a common occurrence for passengers to fall out of, or get pushed out of, trains in Mumbai. Although Mumbai is a relevantly safe city, it has a crime filled underworld. Do injuries occur? Mumbai roads are shockingly congested and poorly maintained. It was built on a site of ancient settlement, and it took its name from the local goddess Mumba—a form of Parvati, the consort of Shiva, one of the principal deities of Hinduism—whose temple once stood in what is now the southeastern section of the city. It suffers, however, from some of the perennial problems of many large expanding industrial cities: air and water pollution, widespread areas of substandard housing, and overcrowding. East of the island are the sheltered waters of Mumbai (Bombay) Harbour. I’d like to see someone who actually cares about this city to … Salaries though are the same as the rest of India. Since the 17th century the islets have been joined through drainage and reclamation projects, as well as through the construction of causeways and breakwaters, to form Bombay Island. By 1957 a number of suburban municipal boroughs and some neighbouring villages on Salsette were incorporated into Greater Mumbai—the metropolitan region surrounding Bombay Island and the city itself. The western ridge terminates at Malabar Hill, which, rising 180 feet (55 metres) above sea level, is one of the highest points in Mumbai. Read More: Mumbai's Landmark Infrastructure. Mumbai, formerly Bombay, city, capital of Maharashtra state, southwestern India. A unique and fascinating fixture in the daily routine of Mumbai's office workers is the dabbawala. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. (Image: News18) X. The correct email looks like this :->>The Subject of the email is: "Status regarding e-Tourist Visa (eTV) application no. October 13, 2020. Between Colaba Point and Malabar Hill lies the shallow expanse of Back Bay. Mumbai's dabbawalas first started delivering lunches to meet the needs of British rulers. Cost of living index in Mumbai is 69.78% lower than in New York. The Chowpatty comes alive with a dazzling assortment of vendors peddling everything from snacks (of course) to strange children's toys. The higher price of tickets merely keeps the majority of travelers out, therefore providing more space. With organised crime, smuggling, black markets, and kidnapping the rich for vast ransoms. 1. The city is one of the world’s most crowded, and also has some of the world’s most expensive real estate. Mumbai is dirty, with trash everywhere, funky smells, and animal feces on the sidewalks. “Home” is a 10’X12′ room, which sleeps a family of four. Summary about cost of living in Mumbai, India: Family of four estimated monthly costs are 1,384.02$ (101,839.67₹) without rent (using our estimator). As a result, the train is the most popular and quickest way of commuting in Mumbai. You can join them on this Lunch Like a Local experience offered by The Four Seasons hotel. This particular place belongs to a JP Morgan Chase Mumbai manager. Omissions? Fun Facts about the name Mumbai. Read More: 6 Unforgettable Mumbai Bars and Popular Mumbai Hangouts with Cheap Beer, Getting Around Mumbai: Guide to Public Transportation, Here's How to Ride Mumbai's Infamous Local Train, The Top Parks in Mumbai for Nature and Heritage, Your Essential Travel Guide for Visiting Mumbai, 12 Attractions You Must See in Mumbai From Beaches to Bollywood, Where to Find the Best Bars, Clubs, and More in Mumbai, 15 Best Mumbai Tours to Really Get to Know the City, One Week in Mumbai: The Perfect Itinerary, Mumbai's Marine Drive: The Complete Guide, 48 Hours in Mumbai: The Perfect Itinerary, An Overview of Transport in India for Tourists, 10 Places to Marvel Over Mumbai's Unique Infrastructure, Explore Vasai: A Mumbai Suburb that Really Feels Like Goa. Plus you'll be guaranteed a fascinating glimpse into what makes Mumbai tick. Gateway of India (right) and Taj Mahal Hotel (centre) on Mumbai Harbour, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. This incredible system can be witnessed in operation at Churchgate railway station from 11.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m., as the dabbawalas unload the tiffins from the trains and get ready to take them to their customer's offices. Let’s start from the northern part of the country. Most have one or two bedrooms, which again accommodate whole families including grandparents. Apartment complexes, especially the newer ones, are usually built with a great range of facilities including gyms, clubhouses, gardens, and playgrounds. Tulips in Srinagar will remind of you of Tulips in Amsterdam Unfortunately, the city does have a 1.30 a.m. curfew. Overcrowded trains and roads, pollution, poor sanitation and overpopulation in slums are also common urban problems in Mumbai. Many of these small shops close in the afternoon for lunch and the nap that follows. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. 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