This is to remind us of the apostolic origins of the sacrament (see Catechism, No. Info. 1 Cor 11:26. . "49 From this unique sacrifice their whole priestly ministry draws its strength.50. a holy priesthood."21. [Who then is the priest? THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH, CHAPTER THREE Deacons also receive a special grace through ordination and are called to assist the ministry of bishops and priests (Catechism of … Based on this common priesthood and ordered to its service, there exists another participation in the mission of Christ: the ministry conferred by the sacrament of Holy Orders, where the task is to serve in the name and in the person of Christ the Head in the midst of the community. LG 41; AA 16. Through that sacrament priests by the anointing of the Holy Spirit are signed with a special character and so are configured to Christ the priest in such a way that they are able to act in the person of Christ the head. The diaconate is intended to help and serve them. THE CELEBRATION OF THE CHRISTIAN MYSTERY, SECTION TWO 44 PO 2 § 2. While the common priesthood of the faithful is exercised by the unfolding of baptismal grace --a life of faith, hope, and charity, a life according to the Spirit--, the ministerial priesthood is at the service of the common priesthood. 73 Cf. . 36 LG 21 § 2. 27 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Trall. Today, the word “ordination” is reserved for the sacramental … LG 23; CD 4; 36; 37; AG 5; 6; 38. Num 1:48-53; Josh 13:33. 1575 Christ himself chose the apostles and gave them a share in his mission and authority. Yet Catholic doctrine teaches that the degrees of priestly participation (episcopate and presbyterate) and the degree of service (diaconate) are all three conferred by a sacramental act called "ordination," that is, by the sacrament of Holy Orders: Episcopal ordination - fullness of the sacrament of Holy Orders, 1555 "Amongst those various offices which have been exercised in the Church from the earliest times the chief place, according to the witness of tradition, is held by the function of those who, through their appointment to the dignity and responsibility of bishop, and in virtue consequently of the unbroken succession going back to the beginning, are regarded as transmitters of the apostolic line. 14 Roman Pontifical, Ordination of Deacons 21, Prayer of Consecration. Jesus Christ, in offering Himself up for the sins of all mankind, fulfilled the duties of the Old Testament priesthood once and for all. "54, 1570 Deacons share in Christ's mission and grace in a special way.55 The sacrament of Holy Orders marks them with an imprint ("character") which cannot be removed and which configures them to Christ, who made himself the "deacon" or servant of all.56 Among other tasks, it is the task of deacons to assist the bishop and priests in the celebration of the divine mysteries, above all the Eucharist, in the distribution of Holy Communion, in assisting at and blessing marriages, in the proclamation of the Gospel and preaching, in presiding over funerals, and in dedicating themselves to the various ministries of charity.57, 1571 Since the Second Vatican Council the Latin Church has restored the diaconate "as a proper and permanent rank of the hierarchy,"58 while the Churches of the East had always maintained it. 70 Mt 19:12. Deacons assist priests and bishops, but beyond the preaching of the Gospel, they are granted no special charism or spiritual gift. The vocation and mission received on the day of his ordination mark him permanently. LG 21; Eph 4:11. Integration into one of these bodies in the Church was accomplished by a rite called ordinatio, a religious and liturgical act which was a consecration, a blessing or a sacrament. 3:SCh ll,44-46. He can be dispensed of his obligations as a priest (or even forbidden to act as a priest), but he remains a priest forever. Holy Orders is the sacrament by which bishops, priests and deacons are ordained and receive the power and grace to perform their sacred duties. . 24 Pius XII, encyclical, Mediator Dei: AAS, 39 (1947) 548. LG 10. The ministries conferred by ordination are irreplaceable for the organic structure of the Church: without the bishop, presbyters, and deacons, one cannot speak of the Church (cf. The word either derives ultimately from the Greek πρεσβύτερος/presbuteros meaning "elder" or the Latin praepositus meaning "superintendent." Hence the priesthood of priests, while presupposing the sacraments of initiation, is nevertheless conferred by its own particular sacrament. 79 Roman Pontifical, Ordination of Bishops 26, Prayer of Consecration; cf. 1554 "The divinely instituted ecclesiastical ministry is exercised in different degrees by those who even from ancient times have been called bishops, priests, and deacons. 1599 In the Latin Church the sacrament of Holy Orders for the presbyterate is normally conferred only on candidates who are ready to embrace celibacy freely and who publicly manifest their intention of staying celibate for the love of God's kingdom and the service Heb 5:1-10; 7:24; 9:11-28; Innocent I, Epist. 1578 No one has a right to receive the sacrament of Holy Orders. I know whose ministers we are, where we find ourselves and to where we strive. I know God's greatness and man's weakness, but also his potential. . The grace of sanctifying others that the bishop receives at his own ordination allows him to ordain others. The bishop occupies the highest rank and is said to have the 'fullness of the order'. "'53 At an ordination to the diaconate only the bishop lays hands on the candidate, thus signifying the deacon's special attachment to the bishop in the tasks of his "diakonia. The exercise of this authority must therefore be measured against the model of Christ, who by love made himself the least and the servant of all.29 "The Lord said clearly that concern for his flock was proof of love for him. 3. 1581 This sacrament configures the recipient to Christ by a special grace of the Holy Spirit, so that he may serve as Christ's instrument for his Church. "35, 1557 The Second Vatican Council "teaches . The Sacrament of Holy Orders is the continuation of Jesus Christ's priesthood, which He bestowed upon His Apostles. 3,1:SCh 10,96. Once a man has been ordained, he is spiritually changed, which is the origin of the saying, "Once a priest, always a priest." 28 LG 24. Num 11:24-25. There is only one Sacrament of Holy Orders, but there are three levels to the sacrament. 9 Cf. . The Eastern Churches allow married men to be ordained priests, while the Western Church insists on celibacy. "46, 1565 Through the sacrament of Holy Orders priests share in the universal dimensions of the mission that Christ entrusted to the apostles. They exercise their powers lawfully only in communion with their bishop, and so they promise obedience to their bishop at the time of their ordination. Council of Trent: DS 1767; LG 21; 28; 29; PO 2. They form around their bishop the presbyterium which bears responsibility with him for the particular Church. The bishop, while laying on his hand, says among other things: 1588 With regard to deacons, "strengthened by sacramental grace they are dedicated to the People of God, in conjunction with the bishop and his body of priests, in the service (diakonia) of the liturgy, of the Gospel, and of works of charity."81. And so the liturgy speaks of the ordo episcoporum, the ordo presbyterorum, the ordo diaconorum. "15 The Christian tradition considers Melchizedek, "priest of God Most High," as a prefiguration of the priesthood of Christ, the unique "high priest after the order of Melchizedek";16 "holy, blameless, unstained,"17 "by a single offering he has perfected for all time those who are sanctified,"18 that is, by the unique sacrifice of the cross. 29 Cf. The bishop confers the Sacrament of Holy Orders by the laying on of hands which confers on a man the grace and spiritual power to celebrate the Church’s sacraments. The liturgy of ordination recalls the Old Testament priesthood and the priesthood of Christ. Order is a purely ecclesiastical concern. Eligibility for the Sacrament of Holy Orders, The Minister of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, The Effects of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, The Seven Sacraments of the Catholic Church. "32 Catholic doctrine, expressed in the liturgy, the Magisterium, and the constant practice of the Church, recognizes that there are two degrees of ministerial participation in the priesthood of Christ: the episcopacy and the presbyterate . Jn 21:15-17. CD 15. 1537 The word order in Roman antiquity designated an established civil body, especially a governing body. 1538 Integration into one of these bodies in the Church was accomplished by a rite called ordinatio, a religious and liturgical act which was a consecration, a blessing or a sacrament. In certain Christian churches, holy orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest, or deacon, and the sacrament or rite by which candidates are ordained to those orders. ev. . 10 Cf. It is because the ministerial priesthood represents Christ that it can represent the Church. 6). 1547 The ministerial or hierarchical priesthood of bishops and priests, and the common priesthood of all the faithful participate, "each in its own proper way, in the one priesthood of Christ." 64 LG 20. Defended the existence of priesthood with the power to consecrate the Body and Blood of Christ and forgive sins in Christ’s name. 38 CD 2 § 2. THE EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF HOLY ORDERS. As in all the sacraments additional rites surround the celebration. The second level of the Sacrament of Holy Orders is the priesthood. The Office of Bishop in the Catholic Church, The Major Differences Between Anglicanism and Catholicism. 8 Heb 5:1; cf. Only a Bishop can validly ordain. 52 PO 8. In each local assembly of the faithful they represent, in a certain sense, the bishop, with whom they are associated in all trust and generosity; in part they take upon themselves his duties and solicitude and in their daily toils discharge them. The power of the Holy Spirit does not guarantee all acts of ministers in the same way. 1598 The Church confers the sacrament of Holy Orders only on baptized men (viri), whose suitability for the exercise of the ministry has been duly recognized. LG 10; 28; SC 33; CD 11; PO 2; 6. Order of the Most Holy Mary Theotokos - The Seven Sacraments in Pictures The Seven Catholic Sacraments The seven sacraments—Baptism, Confirmation, Holy Communion, Confession, Marriage, Holy Orders, and the Anointing of the Sick—are the life of the Catholic Church. 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